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Essex Models and Miniatures archive
The Dinky Supertoys Cement mixer, number 960 was produced between 1960 and 1968, the first issues describe this as a ‘cement mixer’ on the box and later changed to ‘concrete mixer’.
This has a rotating and tipping drum, the rotation is operated via a ring gear on the drum and though to the rear wheels.
Added play value was using the tipping drum and hollow shute to pour sand or water on to your miniature building site.
This model is based on the Albion Chieftain although the mixing part of the truck doesn’t look like any mixer from the same period and assume this was designed for the play value rather than vehicle accuracy, further observations on this fact is below.
Joal also produced this model and there is speculation as to whether the Dinky dies were used or it just a very good copy, this is Joal number 202 from the 1970′s and also the Albion Chieftain, again further research is below.
On the other hand Budgie Toys also made a version but used the Leyland Super Comet as the basis of their truck, and a completely different drum mechanism although still a tipping type mixer, this is Budgie number 310.
Some of the research I do involves not just the models but the vehicle where the inspiration and model come from.
There seems to be some discussion, and disputes over the Albion and Leyland LAD bodies produced by Dinky although to me the casting is very clear in design.
The Albion Chieftain as is the Dinky cement mixer number 960 and also the Joal mixer number 202.
Whereas the Budgie mixer is a Leyland Super Comet and so is the Dinky Marrel multi-bucket below.
The proof is in the body shape, the Leyland has the wrap around lower skirt and the Albion has seperate mudguards.
You need more proof, how about the real trucks?
1961 Leyland Super Comet, note the wrap around lower skirt just above the wheels.
1963 Albion Chieftain no wrap around skirt and seperate mudguards.
Real pictures from simoncars.co.uk
The Motor Panels cab design used was shared with Leyland, Albion and Dodge It is therefore often referred to as the “LAD” cab (Leyland-Albion-Dodge).
The Albion is also a smaller truck that can clearly be seen by the two Dinky trucks together, also notice the mixer had the Albion crest as seen on the real truck, the bumper types are also different.
Is the Joal casting the old Dinky dies?
Lets look at some details and you can decided for yourselves
My first observation is the sharpness of the Dinky detail opposed to the Joal version also the Albion crest is missing, although this in itself proves nothing as dies wear, some of the old Airfix moulds sold to Dapol have been re-released and obvious signs of wear can be seen in the plastic mouldings now produced, and that’s plastic, now imagine what a hot metal die has to go through.
The castings look at first glance to be almost identicle but my personal opinion is that this is a good copy rather than the original dies from Dinky.
The Dinky mixer design
Possibly to you and certainly me, the mixer looks too small as to what we are used to seeing, also the way it works doesn’t follow the real mixers seen mounted on all of our past and present concrete trucks.
First the models above have a tipping drum, secondly the ring gear operation is not used on the concrete mixers I know as they are driven directly from the rear of the drum, unloading is achieved by reversing the drum and a long screw paddle inside the drum discharges the contents, and more like the picture below of an Albion of the same era as the Dinky mixer.
The idea of a tipping mixer and the ring gear is the same as most older small cement mixers used on building sites, they tip to discharge and operate via a ring gear on the outside of the drum, this leads me to believe that the design was inspired by site cement mixers rather than a lorry mounted design of the day, an old diesel site mixer seen below shows the exposed ring gear and also notice the cradle design, also similar to the Dinky mixer.
If such a lorry existed then no picture or information now existing on the internet or my vast book collection of lorries and construction plant.
There is a possiblity this type of mixer did exist and may of been for batching large amount of mortar for the 1950′s building boom, but without pictures , this I can not verify.
The original concrete mixer was designed in America way back in 1933 and even then looks more like a modern concrete truck than the Dinky mixer does.
The Leyland Hippo trucks released by Budgie, to me are some of the icons of the road, although before my time I do actually remember these as tankers and flat bed trucks, although they could of been a Leyland Octopus!
The first one is the Budgie Leyland Hippo 20 ton cattle truck No 220 and released in 1959
The second one is the Budgie Leyland Hippo 20 ton coal truck No 206 released 1959/1960
Both are on the same chassis and based on a 1955 cab unit, they scale nicely to 1:72 or 00 Gauge in railway scales,
The real truck pictured below is how I remember them
I did mention earlier in this post the Octopus, this had the same cab as the Hippo, so what’s the difference?
In the 1920′s Leyland Motors Ltd, decided to assign their models animal names, and as would be obvious, these became known as the “Zoo Series”, and the first two named were the Badger, and the Beaver. Obviously, the name assigned to particular models matched their size or capabilities.
The Octopus was their twin steering 4-axled (8-wheeled) version, whereas the Hippo was their prime mover, with the Rhino as the 3-axled version.
Actually the Rhino was the first model in which Leyland tried a diesel engine in 1925.
But remember these names were assigned back in the twenties, the one’s above were 1955 trucks.
Some other members of their menagerie were:
Bison, Buffalo, Bull, Bear, Steer, Lynx, and Cub.
The later Leyland Hippo was based on the LAD (Leyland Albion Dodge) cab, This cab was better known to me as an Albion, Leyland acquired Albion in 1951
Below is my Leyland badged LAD cab (although this would of likely been a Comet as the Hippo had the three axles) and the model is also a Budgie and should have drum on the back, this is the Budgie Leyland cement mixer No 310 and is in fact quite rare as a complete model
Below a real Leyland Hippo LAD cab/chassis unit
Then finally in the 1960′s there appears to have been a change of tack, and subsequent truck models were named after dogs, the most well known being the Leyland Terrier, Others were the Boxer; Reiver; Mastiff, and Retriever.