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Essex Models and Miniatures archive
The first picture show a new find, the Budgie Scammell Scarab number 238, made from the 1060′s until the early 1970′s, this is the earlier livery of ‘British Rail’ with the Cadbury advert a later version was in yellow and the ‘Railfreight’ decals, it was also available in ‘GWR’ livery.
Also came with a canvas cover rather than a solid top, No240, and much later in Royal Navy livery and numbered 702 with the solid covered back, this probably scales around 1:43.
Matchbox also made the Scammell Scarab, No10 and released it in 1957, at only 75mm long is tiny.
Matchbox discontinued it in 1960.
The picture below shows both of my Scarabs together showing the size difference.
The real Scammell Scarab
The Scammell Scarab is a British 3-wheeled tractor unit produced by the truck manufacturer Scammell between 1948 and 1967 and replaced the Scammell Mechanical Horse made from 1920 with its very ‘square’ wooden cab and steel chassis, remained largely unchanged until the late 1940s when the tractor section was redesigned creating the Scammell Scarab.
Scammell’s idea of the combination of an Arab horse (which the Mechanical Horse replaced in BR usage) and the word Scammell became Sca-rab = Scarab. The official Scammell Lorries LTD advertisement film makes reference to this. It was extremely popular with British Railways and other companies who made deliveries within built-up areas. The Ministry of Defence also used the Scarab and trailers for predominantly internal transport on large military bases.
Production of the Scarab ceased in 1967 and was replaced with the Scammell Townsman that then featured a fibreglass cab.
The Matchbox Scammell tractor is the latest Kingsize model I have added to my collection, this is the metal wheeled version produced around 1962, it later was fitted with the red plastic wheels along with the entire Matchbox Kingsize range.
Numbered K8 and complete with it’s lowloader trailer, this would of had a tracked vehicle on the trailer from new.
This model was, I believe, also available in military green and is based on a vehicle Pickford’s used for heavy haulage.
I prefer the metal wheeled version when available and personally think Matchbox should of continued with them, the later red plastic wheels did shrink over the years and most of the trucks fitted with the plastic wheels now have loose tyres.
Plastic was still in it’s infancy in the late fifties and early sixties and few understood the nature of plastic aging and shrinkage therefore many Matchbox and Lesney diecast that had seperate tyres now are loose or missing.
The real Scammell ballast tractor
The name ballast is derived from the nautical term describing heavy material added to a vessel to improve stability. For a ballast tractor, ballast is added over the driving wheels to increase the available tractive effort. The additional weight increases the friction between the tyres and the road surface. Without such ballast, the tractor would be unable to overcome the inertia and friction of rolling of a heavy trailed load, and its wheels would rotate without generating forward motion (termed wheelspin). With a semi-trailer, the weight of the trailer presses down through the fifth wheel and adds ballast. In the case of a ballast tractor, the load is supported separately and its weight provides no ballast: the drawbar only transmits a horizontal force to the load.
High inertia is encountered when starting to move a heavy load. To overcome this, ballast tractors tend to have high power engines and engines that provide lots of torque, especially at low speeds. Ballast tractors are often fitted with heavy duty hub reduction axles, or high reductive gear boxes to increase torque at the wheel, therefore heavy duty ballast tractors tend to have low maximum speeds.
Scammell started as a late-Victorian period wheelwright and coach-building business, G Scammell & Nephew Ltd in Spitalfields, London. GeorgeScammell, the founder was joined by his nephew Richard and Richard’s sons, Alfred and James. By the early 1900′s, the firm had become financially stable, providing maintenance to customers of Foden steam wagons. One such customer, Edward Rudd, had imported a Knox Automobile tractor from the United States, and impressed with its low weight/high hauling power had asked Scammell if they could make a similar model of their own.
Scammell started production of the 7.5ton articulated vehicle in 1920. Needing to move to new premises, Scammell & Nephew floated a new company, Scammell Lorries Ltd in July 1922, with Col Scammell as Managing Director. The new firm built a new factory at Tolpits Lane, Watford, next to Watford West railway station on the branch line from Watford Junction to Croxley Green. The original company remained in business in Fashion Street, Spitalfields refurbishing and bodybuilding until taken over in 1965 by York Trailer Co.
In 1929, Scammell designed and manufactured the “100 Tonner” low loader. Only two were produced; the first was delivered to Marston Road Services, Liverpool, for the transportation of steam engines to Liverpool docks. Scammell were also looking for new markets, and diversified into four- and six-wheel rigid (nonarticulated) designs. The ‘Rigid Six-wheeler’ found some success and, with its balloon tyres, at last permitted sustained high-speed, long-distance road operation.
Finished in White, Orange & Blue with Red Interior & Cast Hubs with Rubber Tyres. The model was made by Corgi in 1970.
The cab is based on the Scammell Routeman, one of my favourite Scammells.
The back ramp is a seperate item and stores hooked on two tags at the rear of the upper decks.
The cab unit is removed via a lever on the side of the trailer which also has drop down jack legs.
This transporter has now been sold on to a new owner.
The real trucks
The Scammell Routeman was one of the most popular heavy trucks on the road when I was a lot younger and remember them fondly with their sculpted bodywork and looks.
For more on Scammell Click Here
Being in the building trade for over 30 years has given me a interest in all construction releated trucks and machinery, concrete mixers are one of them.
Many years ago, when my son was about 5 year old he used to call them cement mixers, my reply always was ” There’s no such thing as a cement mixer, it’s a concrete mixer, you mix concrete not cement, cement you add to concrete”, a few months later he corrected his teacher when she called one in the school yard working there a cement mixer, my son turned round and said “There’s no such thing as a cement mixer, it’s a concrete mixer, you mix concrete not cement, cement you add to concrete”.
Anyway, today I have grouped together the Husky and Corgi Junior concrete mixers I have.
Most of the diecast makers call them cement mixers!
Firstly and the oldest, is the Husky ERF, No29, and marked as ERF 66GX cement truck.
Probably released in the early 1960′s
Corgi Juniors, Scammell concrete mixer No 47, this is also marked WhizzWheels, released after the Husky Corgi Junior transition so somewhere in the 1970′s, Whizzwheels were fitted to the entire Corgi Juniors range in the early 1970′s.
The real trucks